Thiagu Ranganathan

Associate Professor;

Areas of specialisation: Agriculture and Plantation Crops, Employment and Social Security


PhD from Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay)

MBA from Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIM Bangalore)

BE from Mumbai University


Associate Professor at Centre for Development Studies (CDS), Thiruvananthapuram – October 2019 to Present

Assistant Professor at Indian Institute of Management Nagpur (IIM Nagpur)

Assistant Professor at Institute for Economic Growth (IEG, New Delhi)

Research Projects:

Completed Projects

  • Climatic Stress, Structural Change and Farm and Non-farm Enterprise Uptake by Farmers in India and Bangladesh (funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)). Other Investigators: Dr. Ram Ranjan, Macquarie University, Dr. Asif Reza Anik, BSMRAU and Dr. Brajesh Jha, IEG
  • Knowledge, Perception, and Usage of Pesticides: Study among Cotton Farmers in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra (funded by the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR). Other Investigators: Dr. Sarthak Gaurav, IIT Bombay and Dr. T V Venkateswaran, Department of Science and Technology (DST))
  • Farmers’ Income in India: A Summary of Evidence from Secondary Data (funded by Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture)

Ongoing Projects:

  • A Comparative Assessment of Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) and Community Action using Norms (funded by ICIMOD, Nepal). Other Investigator: Dr. S Krithi, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Hyderabad – December, 2020 to December 2022
  • Co-Project Director (PD) in the project Flexible work arrangements and gendered outcomes: Impact of COVID-19 in India. Project Director: Dr. Avina Mendonca, Indian Institute of Management Nagpur (IIM Nagpur) – March, 2021 to December 2021



Chapters in Books

  • Ranganathan, T. (2021). Risk and Risk Management in Agriculture. In Chakraborty et al. Eds. (2021) Contemporary Issues in Sustainable Development: The Case of India. Routledge Publications.

 Journal Articles

  • Joshi, K., Ranganathan, T., & Ranjan, R. (2021). Exploring Higher Order Risk Preferences of Farmers in a Water-Scarce Region: Evidence from a Field Experiment in West Bengal, India. Journal of Quantitative Economics, 1-28.
  • Ranganathan, T. and Gaurav, S. (2019). The Curious Case of Cocktails, Weedicides, and Tonics: Pest Management Practices of Cotton Farmers in Vidarbha. Economic and Political Weekly. 54(44), pp. 1-16.
  • Ranganathan, T. and Pandey, G. (2018). Who Leaves Farmland Fallow and Why? An Empirical Investigation using Nationally Representative Survey Data in India. European Journal of Development Research. 30(5), pp. 914-33.
  • Ranganathan, T., Ranjan, R. and Pradhan, D. (2018). Water Scarcity and Livelihoods in Bihar and West Bengal, India. Oxford Development Studies. 46(4), pp. 497-518.
  • Ranganathan, T., Gaurav, S. and Singh, A. (2018). Anomaly in Decision Making Under Risk: Violation of Stochastic Dominance among Farmers in Gujarat, India. IIMB Management Review. 30(3), pp. 258-69.
  • Ranganathan, T., Gaurav, S. and Halder, I.I. (2018). Patterns of Pesticide Usage by Cotton Farmers in India: Changes over a Decade. Economic and Political Weekly. 53(19), pp. 43-51.
  • Ranganathan, T. and Pandey, G. (2017). Tenancy and Fallow Land. World Development Perspectives. 7-8: 28-31.
  • Ranganathan, T. (2017). Antibiotic Treatments for Short-Term Morbidity in India. Economic and Political Weekly. 52(47), pp. 77-80.
  • Ranganathan, T., Tripathi, A. and Pandey, G. (2017). Income Mobility among Social Groups in Indian Rural Households. Economic and Political Weekly. 52(41), pp. 73-76.
  • Ranganathan T. and Ananthakumar, U. (2017). Hedging in Presence of Crop Yield, Crop Revenue, and Rainfall Insurance. Journal of Quantitative Economics. 15(1), pp.151-71.
  • Ranganathan, T., Rao, N.C. and Pandey, G. (2017). Pilot Project to Ascertain the Use of Diesel for Irrigation. Agricultural Situation in India. 74(3), pp. 42-44.
  • Ranganathan, T., Gaurav, S. and Singh, A. (2016). Demand for Price Insurance among Farmers in India: A Choice Experiment-Based Approach. Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research. 10(2), pp.198-224.
  • Ranganathan, T. (2015). Farmers’ Income in India: Evidence from Secondary Data. Agricultural Situation in India. 72(3), pp. 30-70.
  • Ranganathan, T. and Ananthakumar, U. (2014). Market Efficiency in Indian Soybean Futures Markets. International Journal of Emerging Markets. 9(4), pp.520-34.
  • Ranganathan, T. and Ananthakumar, U. (2014). Does Hedging in Indian Futures Market benefit Farmers? Studies in Economics and Finance. 31(3), pp.291-308.
  • Ranganathan, T. and Gaurav, S. (2013). An Inquiry into the Composition of Farm Revenue Risk: The Case of Six Western Vidarbha Districts. Economic and Political Weekly. 48(26:27), pp. 125-28.
  • Shivaani, M, V., and Ranganathan, T. (2019). Facilitation and whistle-blower protection by Indian Firms. Economic and Political Weekly. 54(15), pp.15-17.
  • Shivaani, M, V., and Ranganathan, T. (2018). The Words that made Budget Speeches in the last 5 years. Economic and Political Weekly. 53(9), pp. 1-6.
  • Anik, A.R., Ranjan, R., and Ranganathan, T. (2018). Estimating the Impact of Salinity Stress on Livelihood Choices and Incomes in Rural Bangladesh. Journal of International Development. 30(8), pp. 1414-38.
  • Pandey, G. and Ranganathan, T. (2018). Changing Land-use Pattern in India: Has there been an expansion of Fallow Lands? Agricultural Economics Research Review. 31(1), pp. 113

Other Publications

  • Chatterjee, T. and Ranganathan, T. (2020). Didreservationin Higher Educationchange the prospects for OBCs in getting better jobs?A Study using Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) in India. CDS Working Paper 500.
  • Ranganathan, T. and Mendonca, A. (2020). Relative Educational Status and Women’s Autonomy: Evidence from India. CDS Working Paper 494.
  • Ranganathan, T., Mishra, A.K., and Kumar, A. (2019). Crop Insurance and Food Security: Evidence from Rice Farmers in Eastern India. Invited Paper prepared for presentation at the 2019 annual meeting of the Allied Social Sciences Association, Atlanta, GA, January 4-6, 2019.
  • Ranganathan, T. (2020). “The Invisible Hand”–A proposition or a Superstition?. Commentary on India’s Economy and Society Series, 12.
  • Ranganathan, T. (2020). “Measurement without a “Gini” – Is it time to put the Gini back to the bottle?, Commentary on India’s Economy and Society Series, 14.
  • Ranganathan, T. (2021). Growth, Inequality and some “Curious” Correlations, Commentary on India’s Economy and Society Series, 19.

Current Research

  • Agricultural Economics, Development Economics, Applied Microeconomics, Impact Evaluation

Current Teaching

  • Agricultural Economics, Behavioral Economics, Game Theory, History of Economic Thought.